Prevention of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

Authors

  • Rafael de March Ronsoni Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca
  • Tiago Luiz Luz Leiria Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Tiago Luiz Silvestrini Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca
  • Leonardo Pires Martins Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Marcelo Lapa Kruse Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Rogerio Gomes da Silva Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Gustavo Glotz de Lima Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Keywords:

Disease Prevention, Atrial Fibrillation, Postoperative Period, Cardiac Surgery

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is the most commonly found arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. Although usually self-limiting, it represents an important predictor of increased patient morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Numerous studies have attempted to determine the underlying mechanisms of postoperative atrial fibrillation with different results. A multifactorial pathophysiology is suggested, with inflammation and postoperative adrenergic activation recognized as important contributing factors. The management is complicated by a lack of data on the outcomes of different therapeutic interventions in this population. This article reviews the literature focusing on interventions to prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation.

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Author Biographies

Rafael de March Ronsoni, Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca

Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca, Universidade da Região de Joinville (UNIVILLE), Joinville, SC, Brasil.

Tiago Luiz Luz Leiria, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Tiago Luiz Silvestrini, Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca

Instituto de Ritmologia Cardíaca, Joinville, SC, Brasil.

Leonardo Pires Martins, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Marcelo Lapa Kruse, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Rogerio Gomes da Silva, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Gustavo Glotz de Lima, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

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Published

01-04-2018

How to Cite

Ronsoni, R. de M. ., Luz Leiria, T. L. ., Silvestrini, T. L. ., Martins, L. P. ., Kruse, M. L. ., Gomes da Silva, R. ., & Glotz de Lima, G. . (2018). Prevention of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. JOURNAL OF CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, 31(2), 38–44. Retrieved from https://www.jca.org.br/jca/article/view/68

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Clinical Arrythmia

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